The Republic of Indonesia has officially announced its candidacy as the Non-Permanent Member of United Nations Security Council for (UNSC) the Period of 2019-2020 on Thursday, 22 September 2016 in UN HQ, New York (Kementerian Luar Negeri RI, 2016).
Indonesia will use the tagline “The True Partner for World Peace” as a campaign theme in striving the one allocated seat for Asia Pacific Group for 2019-2020 term (Jakarta Post, 2016).
WHAT IS THE SECURITY COUNCIL?
The Security Council is the highest body of the United Nations with the main responsibility for the maintenance of peace and security. They are responsible for the prevention of conflict and deployment of peacekeeping operations, among others. Unlike any other UN bodies, the decision of the UNSC (the UNSC resolution), is binding upon other member states.
WHAT IS A “NON-PERMANENT” SEAT ON THE SECURITY COUNCIL?
The UNSC has 15 members where 10 of them are non-permanent members and elected every two years. The five permanent members, or commonly known as P5, consist of China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. The 10 non-permanent members of the council are elected on a regional basis and serve two-year terms.
The election of UNSC non-permanent members are distributed according to the geographical representation that consists of the Group of Latin America and Caribbean States (GRULAC), Group of African States (Africa), Group of Asia Pacific and the Small Island Developing States (Asia-Pacific), the Eastern European Group (EEG), and the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) (Security Council Report, 2014).
HAVE WE DONE THIS BEFORE?
Indonesia has been elected as the UNSC non-permanent members three times since 1973 (UNSC, 2015). In its last service in UNSC during 2007-2008 period, Indonesia has announced to run for election in 2018 to assume the position in 2019-2020 period.But, it just in 2016 that Indonesia launched its official kick-off campaign.
This candidacy also has received the endorsement from the ASEAN sub-group, under Asia-Pacific Group during 46th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam (The ASEAN Secretariat, 2013).
HOW ARE THE NON-PERMANENT MEMBERS SELECTED?
The election will be held during the 73rd UN General Assembly in 2018, New York. The UN General Assembly will elect five Non-permanent members of UNSC for the period of 2019-2020. Assuming that all of 193 member countries of the UN are present and have the right to vote, at least 129 votes needed to secure a seat (United Nations, 2016).
Indonesia will up against Maldives to assume one empty seat in Asia-Pacific Group. While, Germany, Belgium, and Israel will compete for two empty seats in WEOG. The two remaining seats are allocated for Africa and GRULAC (Wikipedia, 2016).
WHY DO WE WANT TO ASSUME THE POSITION ON THE SECURITY COUNCIL AGAIN?
It is in line with our constitution “…dan ikut melaksanakan ketertiban dunia yang berdasarkan kemerdekaan, perdamaian abadi, dan keadilan sosial…”/”…and to maintain the world order according to the freedom, perpetual peace and social justice…” (Mahkamah Konstitusi, 2015) as well as to play a more active role in international security and peacekeeping. Hence, it is our natural role to contribute to the world peace and global harmony.
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